Social Science and Policy-Making: A Search for Relevance in by David Lee Featherman,Maris Arvids Vinovskis PDF

By David Lee Featherman,Maris Arvids Vinovskis

This selection of essays examines how the social sciences in the USA have been constructed as a way of social reform and later, specially after global warfare II, as a device in federal policymaking and coverage research. It additionally makes use of arenas of policymaking, comparable to early adolescence schooling and welfare and its reform, as case reviews during which social study was once used, in coverage judgements or in surroundings and comparing coverage objectives. The booklet is written to assist scholars of public coverage to understand the advanced dating of information--principally, of social technological know-how research--to policymaking on the federal level.

David L. Featherman is Professor of Sociology and Psychology, Director and Senior study Scientist, Institute for Social examine, college of Michigan. Maris A. Vinovskis is Bentley Professor of background, Senior examine Scientist, Institute for Social study, college member, institution of Public coverage, college of Michigan.

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By David Lee Featherman,Maris Arvids Vinovskis

This selection of essays examines how the social sciences in the USA have been constructed as a way of social reform and later, specially after global warfare II, as a device in federal policymaking and coverage research. It additionally makes use of arenas of policymaking, comparable to early adolescence schooling and welfare and its reform, as case reviews during which social study was once used, in coverage judgements or in surroundings and comparing coverage objectives. The booklet is written to assist scholars of public coverage to understand the advanced dating of information--principally, of social technological know-how research--to policymaking on the federal level.

David L. Featherman is Professor of Sociology and Psychology, Director and Senior study Scientist, Institute for Social examine, college of Michigan. Maris A. Vinovskis is Bentley Professor of background, Senior examine Scientist, Institute for Social study, college member, institution of Public coverage, college of Michigan.

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Download e-book for kindle: Dysfunctions of the Welfare State by Joel Gibbons

By Joel Gibbons

This well timed research of modern fiscal realities relates the headlines to the long run explanations from which they spring. Why did we've got a world monetary drawback in 2008? Is stimulus the reply, and what are its dangers and power returns? Why are our investments so unprofitable? Why are our electorate suffering to discover paintings? Why can we again and again confuse attempt with effects? the writer unearths the solutions to those questions within the dysfunctions of the welfare state.Economics is the technology of the construction and trade of price, yet Gross household Product (GDP) confuses worth with the production and trade of "goods and services." alongside the way in which, GDP has turn into a degree no longer of price created, yet of attempt expended and of prices incurred. This confusion has turn into the cornerstone of coverage manipulation of "the economy," since it is really easy to incur bills, although now not really easy to create price. Policymakers usually are not wanting to right this discrepancy since it is less complicated to fabricate bills via brute strength than to supply effects that experience actual value.This booklet pins down the main participants to those distortions in a few particular components, together with schooling, technological know-how and engineering, hospitals and different scientific amenities, the general public software transmission grids, and within the alternate deficit. It additionally pursues the distortions attributable to short-sighted public coverage within the capital markets. The e-book concludes with a dialogue of industry potency and inefficiency resulting in the belief that coverage intervention into the capital markets reduces their means to allocate capital productively. the writer addresses this wide subject from the original point of view of somebody who has contributed either to the theoretical research and to the particular perform of markets.

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By Joel Gibbons

This well timed research of modern fiscal realities relates the headlines to the long run explanations from which they spring. Why did we've got a world monetary drawback in 2008? Is stimulus the reply, and what are its dangers and power returns? Why are our investments so unprofitable? Why are our electorate suffering to discover paintings? Why can we again and again confuse attempt with effects? the writer unearths the solutions to those questions within the dysfunctions of the welfare state.Economics is the technology of the construction and trade of price, yet Gross household Product (GDP) confuses worth with the production and trade of "goods and services." alongside the way in which, GDP has turn into a degree no longer of price created, yet of attempt expended and of prices incurred. This confusion has turn into the cornerstone of coverage manipulation of "the economy," since it is really easy to incur bills, although now not really easy to create price. Policymakers usually are not wanting to right this discrepancy since it is less complicated to fabricate bills via brute strength than to supply effects that experience actual value.This booklet pins down the main participants to those distortions in a few particular components, together with schooling, technological know-how and engineering, hospitals and different scientific amenities, the general public software transmission grids, and within the alternate deficit. It additionally pursues the distortions attributable to short-sighted public coverage within the capital markets. The e-book concludes with a dialogue of industry potency and inefficiency resulting in the belief that coverage intervention into the capital markets reduces their means to allocate capital productively. the writer addresses this wide subject from the original point of view of somebody who has contributed either to the theoretical research and to the particular perform of markets.

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The Creation of the Human Development Approach by Tadashi Hirai PDF

By Tadashi Hirai

This booklet examines the most purposes and demanding situations for the good fortune of the human improvement strategy either in idea and perform in its place to the commercial progress version. not like the previous examine which has more often than not been both theoretical/prescriptive or empirical/descriptive, it follows a realistic ancient and institutional technique, on account that human improvement can't be understood with out contemplating the complexities additional centrally via the formation technique within the UNDP. relating the aptitude technique, it additionally addresses find out how to top replicate happiness inside of this paradigm.

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By Tadashi Hirai

This booklet examines the most purposes and demanding situations for the good fortune of the human improvement strategy either in idea and perform in its place to the commercial progress version. not like the previous examine which has more often than not been both theoretical/prescriptive or empirical/descriptive, it follows a realistic ancient and institutional technique, on account that human improvement can't be understood with out contemplating the complexities additional centrally via the formation technique within the UNDP. relating the aptitude technique, it additionally addresses find out how to top replicate happiness inside of this paradigm.

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Get A People's War on Poverty: Urban Politics, Grassroots PDF

By Wesley G. Phelps

In A People’s battle on Poverty, Wesley G. Phelps investigates the on-the-ground implementation of President Lyndon Johnson’s battle on Poverty throughout the Sixties and Seventies. He argues that the fluid interplay among federal guidelines, city politics, and grassroots activists created an important web site of clash over the that means of yank democracy and the rights of citizenship that historians have principally ignored. In Houston specifically, the battle on Poverty spawned fierce political battles that exposed basic disagreements over what democracy intended, how a long way it may expand, and who may still take advantage of it. a number of the program’s implementers took heavily the federal mandate to empower the terrible as they driven for a extra participatory kind of democracy that will contain extra voters within the political, cultural, and financial lifetime of the city.

At the guts of this publication are the very important yet nearly forgotten grassroots activists who administered federal struggle on Poverty courses, together with church ministers, federal application volunteers, scholars, neighborhood directors, civil rights activists, and the negative themselves. The reasonable nice Society liberalism that influenced the architects of the federal courses definitely galvanized neighborhood antipoverty activists in Houston. besides the fact that, their antipoverty philosophy used to be pushed extra by way of prophetic spiritual traditions and visions of participatory democracy and neighborhood organizing championed through the recent Left and iconoclastic figures like Saul Alinsky. through concentrating on those neighborhood actors, Phelps indicates that grassroots activists in Houston have been inspired via a way more assorted set of highbrow and political traditions, fueling their efforts to extend the which means of democracy. eventually, this episode in Houston’s heritage unearths either the probabilities and the boundaries of city democracy within the 20th century.

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By Wesley G. Phelps

In A People’s battle on Poverty, Wesley G. Phelps investigates the on-the-ground implementation of President Lyndon Johnson’s battle on Poverty throughout the Sixties and Seventies. He argues that the fluid interplay among federal guidelines, city politics, and grassroots activists created an important web site of clash over the that means of yank democracy and the rights of citizenship that historians have principally ignored. In Houston specifically, the battle on Poverty spawned fierce political battles that exposed basic disagreements over what democracy intended, how a long way it may expand, and who may still take advantage of it. a number of the program’s implementers took heavily the federal mandate to empower the terrible as they driven for a extra participatory kind of democracy that will contain extra voters within the political, cultural, and financial lifetime of the city.

At the guts of this publication are the very important yet nearly forgotten grassroots activists who administered federal struggle on Poverty courses, together with church ministers, federal application volunteers, scholars, neighborhood directors, civil rights activists, and the negative themselves. The reasonable nice Society liberalism that influenced the architects of the federal courses definitely galvanized neighborhood antipoverty activists in Houston. besides the fact that, their antipoverty philosophy used to be pushed extra by way of prophetic spiritual traditions and visions of participatory democracy and neighborhood organizing championed through the recent Left and iconoclastic figures like Saul Alinsky. through concentrating on those neighborhood actors, Phelps indicates that grassroots activists in Houston have been inspired via a way more assorted set of highbrow and political traditions, fueling their efforts to extend the which means of democracy. eventually, this episode in Houston’s heritage unearths either the probabilities and the boundaries of city democracy within the 20th century.

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Poverty and the Environment: Understanding Linkages at the - download pdf or read online

By World Bank

Drawing upon contemporary analytical paintings ready in and out the area financial institution, this file identifies key classes about the linkages among poverty and the surroundings. With a spotlight at the contribution of environmental assets to loved ones welfare, the research raises our realizing of the way particular reforms and interventions may have an effect at the well-being and livelihoods of negative people.'Scholars and improvement practitioners more and more realize that during low-income international locations there are inextricable hyperlinks among poverty aid and traditional assets administration. call for has grown immensely for not just extra, yet greater empirical facts on these hyperlinks. This quantity bargains a cautious synthesis of key findings from turning out to be literature at the environmental determinants of loved ones welfare, as mirrored via signs of intake, overall healthiness, and source of revenue. the first contribution of this examine is that's has drawn out important coverage conclusions that may be of worth to corporations and governments keen on poverty and the surroundings within the constructing world.'--Professor Christopher B. Barrett, Cornell University

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By World Bank

Drawing upon contemporary analytical paintings ready in and out the area financial institution, this file identifies key classes about the linkages among poverty and the surroundings. With a spotlight at the contribution of environmental assets to loved ones welfare, the research raises our realizing of the way particular reforms and interventions may have an effect at the well-being and livelihoods of negative people.'Scholars and improvement practitioners more and more realize that during low-income international locations there are inextricable hyperlinks among poverty aid and traditional assets administration. call for has grown immensely for not just extra, yet greater empirical facts on these hyperlinks. This quantity bargains a cautious synthesis of key findings from turning out to be literature at the environmental determinants of loved ones welfare, as mirrored via signs of intake, overall healthiness, and source of revenue. the first contribution of this examine is that's has drawn out important coverage conclusions that may be of worth to corporations and governments keen on poverty and the surroundings within the constructing world.'--Professor Christopher B. Barrett, Cornell University

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Steven Werlin,Dr. Paul Farmer's To Fool the Rain: Haiti's Poor and their Pathway to a Better PDF

By Steven Werlin,Dr. Paul Farmer

To idiot the Rain thoughtfully chronicles Steven Werlin’s trip with Fonkoze, however it is additionally the tale of Fonkoze itself.

Presented in shiny element are the lived studies of Mirlene, Micheline, Ti Rizib, Monique, Rose Marthe, Alta, and different Chemen Lavi Miyò participants, who've benefited in lots of methods from this remark­able application. As Werlin makes transparent in To idiot the Rain, there's no unmarried pathway to a greater existence. The tales of every of those ladies are the tales of Fonkoze: person begin­nings, demanding situations, and successes certain jointly by way of the subjects that trend existence in rural Haiti.

Lacking social security nets, the bad in Haiti and in other places face ongoing and catastrophic cycles of poverty and illness. Fonkoze’s pioneering paintings in unity with Haiti’s bad has been a very important step in disrupting such cycles. Fonkoze’s version, relatively its Chemen Lavi Miyò software, deals a route to safeguard and desire for marginalized ladies.  – From the foreword through Dr. Paul Farmer

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By Steven Werlin,Dr. Paul Farmer

To idiot the Rain thoughtfully chronicles Steven Werlin’s trip with Fonkoze, however it is additionally the tale of Fonkoze itself.

Presented in shiny element are the lived studies of Mirlene, Micheline, Ti Rizib, Monique, Rose Marthe, Alta, and different Chemen Lavi Miyò participants, who've benefited in lots of methods from this remark­able application. As Werlin makes transparent in To idiot the Rain, there's no unmarried pathway to a greater existence. The tales of every of those ladies are the tales of Fonkoze: person begin­nings, demanding situations, and successes certain jointly by way of the subjects that trend existence in rural Haiti.

Lacking social security nets, the bad in Haiti and in other places face ongoing and catastrophic cycles of poverty and illness. Fonkoze’s pioneering paintings in unity with Haiti’s bad has been a very important step in disrupting such cycles. Fonkoze’s version, relatively its Chemen Lavi Miyò software, deals a route to safeguard and desire for marginalized ladies.  – From the foreword through Dr. Paul Farmer

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Get Violations of Trust: How Social and Welfare Institutions PDF

By Richard Hil,Judith Bessant

The earlier few a long time have dropped at mild expanding proof of systemic and repeated institutional abuse of kids and youth in lots of western international locations. executive enquiries, study reports and media experiences have started to spotlight the common nature of sexual, actual and emotional abuse of weak little ones and kids. even though, whereas public cognizance has enthusiastic about 'episodic-dramatic' representations of institutional abuse, relatively little emphasis has been given to the extra mundane, routinized and systemic nature of abuse that has happened. This e-book files comprehensively a whole diversity of abuse happening in 'caring' and 'protective' associations, with specific connection with the Australian case. The dominant subject matter is 'betrayal' and particularly the ways that enterprises charged with the care and security of youngsters and teenagers develop into the websites of abusive practices. The authors draw on quite a number theoretical frameworks to discover problems with belief and betrayal within the context of the pro and moral responsibilities which employees need to these of their cost. The authors argue that it's not adequate basically to file on debts of institutional abuse or the implications of specific practices; fairly it will be significant to find the superiority of institutional abuse within the wider context of institutional practices as they relate to the 'governance' of specific sections of the population.

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By Richard Hil,Judith Bessant

The earlier few a long time have dropped at mild expanding proof of systemic and repeated institutional abuse of kids and youth in lots of western international locations. executive enquiries, study reports and media experiences have started to spotlight the common nature of sexual, actual and emotional abuse of weak little ones and kids. even though, whereas public cognizance has enthusiastic about 'episodic-dramatic' representations of institutional abuse, relatively little emphasis has been given to the extra mundane, routinized and systemic nature of abuse that has happened. This e-book files comprehensively a whole diversity of abuse happening in 'caring' and 'protective' associations, with specific connection with the Australian case. The dominant subject matter is 'betrayal' and particularly the ways that enterprises charged with the care and security of youngsters and teenagers develop into the websites of abusive practices. The authors draw on quite a number theoretical frameworks to discover problems with belief and betrayal within the context of the pro and moral responsibilities which employees need to these of their cost. The authors argue that it's not adequate basically to file on debts of institutional abuse or the implications of specific practices; fairly it will be significant to find the superiority of institutional abuse within the wider context of institutional practices as they relate to the 'governance' of specific sections of the population.

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Fighting for Breath: Living Morally and Dying of Cancer in a - download pdf or read online

By Anna Lora-Wainwright

a variety of stories of “cancer villages” have seemed some time past decade in either chinese language and Western media, highlighting the disadvantage of China’s monetary improvement. much less in general identified is how humans adventure and comprehend melanoma in components the place there is not any contract on its reason. Who or what do they blame? How do they take care of its onset? Fighting for Breath is the 1st ethnography to supply a bottom-up account of ways rural households try to make experience of melanoma and deal with victims. It addresses an important parts of shock comparable to future health, improvement, morality, and social swap with a view to comprehend what's at stake within the modern chinese language countryside.

Encounters with melanoma are circumstances during which social and ethical fault traces may perhaps come into view. Anna Lora-Wainwright combines strong narratives and significant engagement with an array of scholarly debates in sociocultural and clinical anthropology and within the anthropology of China. the result's a relocating exploration of the social inequities endemic to post-1949 China and the iconic rural-urban divide that maintains to problem social justice within the People’s Republic. In-depth case stories current villagers’ “fight for breath” as either a actual and social fight to reclaim an ethical existence, verify relatives and neighborly help, and critique the country for its asymmetric welfare provision. Lora-Wainwright depicts their soreness as lived adventure, but in addition as embedded in family economies and within the commodification of care that has positioned the load on households and members.

Fighting for Breath should be of curiosity to scholars, academics, and researchers in chinese language reports, sociocultural and scientific anthropology, human geography, improvement reports, and the social research of medication.

12 illus.

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By Anna Lora-Wainwright

a variety of stories of “cancer villages” have seemed some time past decade in either chinese language and Western media, highlighting the disadvantage of China’s monetary improvement. much less in general identified is how humans adventure and comprehend melanoma in components the place there is not any contract on its reason. Who or what do they blame? How do they take care of its onset? Fighting for Breath is the 1st ethnography to supply a bottom-up account of ways rural households try to make experience of melanoma and deal with victims. It addresses an important parts of shock comparable to future health, improvement, morality, and social swap with a view to comprehend what's at stake within the modern chinese language countryside.

Encounters with melanoma are circumstances during which social and ethical fault traces may perhaps come into view. Anna Lora-Wainwright combines strong narratives and significant engagement with an array of scholarly debates in sociocultural and clinical anthropology and within the anthropology of China. the result's a relocating exploration of the social inequities endemic to post-1949 China and the iconic rural-urban divide that maintains to problem social justice within the People’s Republic. In-depth case stories current villagers’ “fight for breath” as either a actual and social fight to reclaim an ethical existence, verify relatives and neighborly help, and critique the country for its asymmetric welfare provision. Lora-Wainwright depicts their soreness as lived adventure, but in addition as embedded in family economies and within the commodification of care that has positioned the load on households and members.

Fighting for Breath should be of curiosity to scholars, academics, and researchers in chinese language reports, sociocultural and scientific anthropology, human geography, improvement reports, and the social research of medication.

12 illus.

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Social Work Services in Schools - download pdf or read online

By Paula Allen-Meares

This is the book of the published booklet and should now not comprise any media, site entry codes, or print supplementations which can come packaged with the certain book.

Discusses social paintings practices in the US academic approach. This identify can be to be had as a more cost-effective e-book.


Social paintings prone in colleges discusses significant matters confronting schooling in addition to perform instructions for the layout, supply, and assessment of social paintings in colleges. old and modern options, regulations, and evidence-based interventions at school social paintings companies are heavily tested. The 7th version presents perception into the proposals and proposals for a greater schooling approach, and gives complement examine and remark to aid reassess the wishes of public faculties within the twenty first century. different fabrics comprise empirical findings defined in specialist literature, case illustrations of social paintings perform in colleges, and interviews.


Social paintings providers in faculties is designed for people focusing on social paintings companies in colleges, in addition to in case you are getting ready to paintings in similar organisations of the neighborhood.

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By Paula Allen-Meares

This is the book of the published booklet and should now not comprise any media, site entry codes, or print supplementations which can come packaged with the certain book.

Discusses social paintings practices in the US academic approach. This identify can be to be had as a more cost-effective e-book.

Social paintings prone in colleges discusses significant matters confronting schooling in addition to perform instructions for the layout, supply, and assessment of social paintings in colleges. old and modern options, regulations, and evidence-based interventions at school social paintings companies are heavily tested. The 7th version presents perception into the proposals and proposals for a greater schooling approach, and gives complement examine and remark to aid reassess the wishes of public faculties within the twenty first century. different fabrics comprise empirical findings defined in specialist literature, case illustrations of social paintings perform in colleges, and interviews.

Social paintings providers in faculties is designed for people focusing on social paintings companies in colleges, in addition to in case you are getting ready to paintings in similar organisations of the neighborhood.

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Read e-book online Voices of Pineland PDF

By Information Age Publishing,Stephen T. Murphy

Voices of Pineland: Eugenics, Social Reform, and the Legacy of “Feeblemindedness” in Maine via Stephen Murphy tells the tale of the Maine college for the Feebleminded, later often called Pineland medical institution and coaching middle. in keeping with a close research of annual institutional stories, newspaper clippings, felony records, and different archival assets in addition to interviews with former citizens, their relations, and employees, Murphy lines the historical past of the Maine establishment from its founding in 1908 to its eventual closure in 1996. sooner than 1908, Maine despatched a lot of its voters with highbrow and developmental disabilities to Massachusetts. while the nation proven the Maine university for the Feebleminded, it modeled it after an establishment in Massachusetts that have been the 1st asylum for socalled “idiots” within the usa. Murphy exhibits the affects of either social forces and the personalities of superintendents, elected officers, and finally attorneys, advocates, and court docket officers on Pineland’s history.

Voices of Pineland is greater than the tale of Maine’s establishment for the feebleminded, even though. It offers a lens in which to view the historical past of individuals with highbrow disabilities in 20th century the US. The founding of the Maine tuition for the Feebleminded was once a fabricated from the eugenics fervor that swept the rustic round the flip of the century and persevered for numerous a long time. The feebleminded have been obvious as a reason for a large diversity of social difficulties and a risk to the social order. Like different states, Maine became to the establishment and later involuntary sterilization to avoid the feebleminded from spreading their alleged faulty genes. The inhabitants of the Maine tuition progressively grew, and the establishment quickly grew to become overcrowded and understaffed. As early as 1938, fees of abuse and overlook on the establishment have been pronounced within the press. This predated the flurry of exposes on nation colleges and psychological hospitals within the nationwide media, together with lifestyles journal and Reader’s Digest, within the post-World conflict II era.

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By Information Age Publishing,Stephen T. Murphy

Voices of Pineland: Eugenics, Social Reform, and the Legacy of “Feeblemindedness” in Maine via Stephen Murphy tells the tale of the Maine college for the Feebleminded, later often called Pineland medical institution and coaching middle. in keeping with a close research of annual institutional stories, newspaper clippings, felony records, and different archival assets in addition to interviews with former citizens, their relations, and employees, Murphy lines the historical past of the Maine establishment from its founding in 1908 to its eventual closure in 1996. sooner than 1908, Maine despatched a lot of its voters with highbrow and developmental disabilities to Massachusetts. while the nation proven the Maine university for the Feebleminded, it modeled it after an establishment in Massachusetts that have been the 1st asylum for socalled “idiots” within the usa. Murphy exhibits the affects of either social forces and the personalities of superintendents, elected officers, and finally attorneys, advocates, and court docket officers on Pineland’s history.

Voices of Pineland is greater than the tale of Maine’s establishment for the feebleminded, even though. It offers a lens in which to view the historical past of individuals with highbrow disabilities in 20th century the US. The founding of the Maine tuition for the Feebleminded was once a fabricated from the eugenics fervor that swept the rustic round the flip of the century and persevered for numerous a long time. The feebleminded have been obvious as a reason for a large diversity of social difficulties and a risk to the social order. Like different states, Maine became to the establishment and later involuntary sterilization to avoid the feebleminded from spreading their alleged faulty genes. The inhabitants of the Maine tuition progressively grew, and the establishment quickly grew to become overcrowded and understaffed. As early as 1938, fees of abuse and overlook on the establishment have been pronounced within the press. This predated the flurry of exposes on nation colleges and psychological hospitals within the nationwide media, together with lifestyles journal and Reader’s Digest, within the post-World conflict II era.

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